Pure Samskrta of the Native Bengalis

By the time the Aryans reached India bringing timeless wisdom in the Vedas, the Vedic language was distorted, surviving 15000 years. It was without grammar or system but very rich in vocabulary and expression. In India the wealth inherent in the Vedic language was maintained, revived and became the reformed and restored Saḿskrta (‘sam’ means ‘well’ and ‘krta’ means ‘made’).  Vedic and Saḿskrta were the languages of the sages, the wise, the learned but some groups of people adopted Saḿskrta and it became their root language. Therefore certain languages21-jata have a high percent of Saḿskrta vocabulary  in their present day language today.

<< In Bengali there are 92% Saḿskrta words, in Oriya 90%, Maethilii 85%, Tamil 3% and Malayalam 75%. Some people from North India travelled to the western part of Madras by sea and settled there, hence Malayalam is full of Saḿskrta words, although the verbs are from Tamil.>>

<<The original inhabitants of Bangalistan include the Rajbanshis from North Bengal; the Mahatos from Ráŕh; the Cakmas from Chattagram and Tripura; the Mahisyas from Midnapore and 24 Paraganas; the Sadgopes from Birbhum; the Namashudras from Jessore and Khulna; and the Ugra Kśatriyas from Burdwan. These original Bengalis may be called the “Játa Bengalis.”

The proof that these communities are the original Bengalis is that they are situated in numerous adjacent villages throughout the regions they inhabit. Village after village of these original inhabitants are located together. They do not populate one or two isolated villages, nor are there merely several people from these communities scattered in a few villages throughout the region. This proves the local people were consolidated in particular areas. In contrast, the Brahmins and the Kayasthas are found in only a few villages and are few in number, thus we cannot be sure that they are the original inhabitants of Bengal. They may have come from other parts of Bengal to do some special kind of work, as priests for example, or they may have come from outside Bengal.

Whenever you plan any developmental programme for Bengal, you should keep the interests of the Játa Bengalees uppermost, as they are the original inhabitants and taken together comprise the majority community. If they are benefited, the whole of Bangalistan will be benefited.

The original name of the Bengali community was “Kaebarta” meaning “a community of fishermen”. They were divided into five groups – the Namashudras in the east; the Rajabangshir in the north; the Mahisyas in the south; the Sadgopes in the northern part; and the Mahatos in the west. Mahato came from “Mahatma”. These original five communities were not tribals.

In Bengal there are many small groups of people speaking non – Saḿskrta languages. For example, Indo-Tibetan and several other languages. These groups are known as “tribals” – those speaking non- Saḿskrta languages. The Játa Bengalees are the indigenous population of Bengal and speak a pure Saḿskrta language.>>

Text in brackets <<>> are by Shrii PR Sarkar.

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The Wheel of Progress

There was a grea20 wheel.jpgt leap of development in the Post-Shiva era between 7000 and 3500 years ago. The world population grew from 5 million to 40 million in this period. Over 70% of the world population was (and still is) in Asian/China/India

A full-fledged civilization, with the four symbols of advancement – agriculture, the wheel, dress and script was thriving. Human beings had grasped the rudimentals of these inventions and developed them. They moved from the Neolithic period of agriculture to the Bronze Age and Iron Age by developing the use of copper, iron and eventually steel. Cities were built, boats sailed the oceans, pictorial letters developed in Mesopotamia, China, Egypt and India. Civilization moved from mountain hills down to the banks of rivers. Where rivers met people mingled, learnt from each other and enriched their culture.

In Rarh, the oldest land in India which was inhabited since the dawn of human beings 1 million years ago, the people who were responsible for discoveries like the wheel or bullock carts were known as “Mahatmans.” <<The title “Máháto” came from Mahatman. The Máháto community of today are the descendants of the talented people of the past. Some people think that Mahato is a caste, but this is not correct.>>

<< That community which first learned the use of iron leapt over the boundary of the stone age, bone age and bronze age, and was considered to have the most advanced civilization. The use of iron brought a new unfolding to the movement of human history, a new radiance. At that time the wheel had not yet been invented, and thus there were no vehicles. Later, with the help of iron, human beings produced the wheel. They learned to wage war seated in vehicles mounted on wheels. By sharpening the edge of the wheel they invented a weapon called the discus. The boomerang is also a type of discus used by the Maoris of Australia. In India and Central Asia people learned the use of the wheel in very ancient times, but no matter how long ago they learned it, they learned it after they learned the use of iron. That is, first they invented the chariot wheel, then afterwards turned the wheel into a weapon.>>

<<That invention also marked a new victory. Human beings had created something new, effecting a greater acceleration in human progress. All this took place in the physical sphere. To keep pace with these changes there were corresponding changes in the human physical structure. The cranium became larger, the skull became smaller, the arms became shorter, the body hair decreased and the jaws became more elevated. In the different parts of the world these changes took place in different ways. In some parts the jaw became more elevated, in other places it dropped. In some parts human complexion was brown, in some parts white and in other parts reddish. These physical changes occurred in adjustment with the changes in the psychic world. This is how human beings advanced.>>

Text in brackets <<>> by Shrii PR Sarkar


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The Negro Race

19-kaliii-and-shivaThere were originally four distinct races on earth descending from the same human ancestors. They are the Austrics who originated from India/Asia, the Negroids who originated from Africa, the Mongoloids who originated from Mongolia/China/Tibet, and the Aryans who originated from central Asia/Europe.

<<There was unavoidable intermingling of blood, and ultimately there arose many so-called new races after gaps of long periods. The innate migratory nature of human beings has goaded them to journey from one horizon to another, from one hemisphere to another. For more than one reason, human beings have broken narrow geographical boundaries and set out for other lands and associated with other communities. >> >>Goaded by an innate instinct, they freely mixed among themselves. This contact and close relationship among various groups gave birth to the many so-called races of today.>>

<<The different races have developed numerous languages. >> <<The Negroes lived near the equator in Africa and New Guinea, near the southern coast of the Indian Ocean. Their descendants are found in South India, the Andaman Islands, the Malayan Peninsula and the Philippines.>>

<<The Negroes have black skin, kinky hair, thick lips, slightly colder blood than the Aryans and are often tall in stature.>> << The Negro race has three branches: western, northern and southern. There are differences in their facial appearance and hair. The hair is similar, but there are differences in the curls.>>

<<In Africa, languages differ according to climatic conditions and river basins. Several Negroid tongues originated in the south of the Sahara, and altogether there are 27 dialects. In the north of the Sahara the original language was Egyptian.>> <<The Negroid people do not have their own script. They use Roman script. >>

<<In India, the maximum mixture of blood has been in Bengal. The Bengali race evolved out of the Aryans, Mongolians, Austrics and Negroes. The people of Bihar and Orissa and the Kayastha (a high-caste Hindu community of East India) belong to this Bengali race. In southern India, too, Negro blood came to mingle with the Austric blood, and a new race, the Dravidians emerged.>> << The word tamil comes from the word dráviŕa [dravid]. Their script is Indo-Aryan.>>

<<The Nordics and the Dravidians were responsible for the Indus Valley civilizations.>>

<<There is some Negro influence and some Aryan influence in the Semitic countries but Vedic influence is negligible though it cannot be altogether discounted.>>

Kalii one of Shiva’s wivies was ethnically Austrico-Mongolo-Negroid.  <<About 7000 years ago Sadáshiva and His wife Kalii did intensive spiritual practice and enjoyed immense bliss. Sadáshiva was the original propounder of Tantric practices. Kalii learned the inner secrets of spiritual practice from her husband. Every day she was absorbed in deep meditation, enjoying the immense bliss of many different samádhis (when the mind is absorbed in consciousness). One day Sadáshiva playfully withdrew her bliss for a long period. Kalii continued to practise meditation regularly, but without the blissful experiences she had previously enjoyed. After some time, the suspended bliss was released suddenly, and Kalii enjoyed the divine sweetness of that accumulated bliss.>>

<<Kalii the wife of Shiva existed 7000 years ago; but Kalii the deity accepted in Post-Shiva Tantra and Buddhist Tantra goes back only 1600 or 1700 years. The worship of Kalii the deity is preached chiefly on the basis of the Kaliká Puráńa, so it has nothing to do with the Vedic Age nor the age of Shiva. But one thing should be remembered: that although she is a deity of Post-Shiva Tantra, she was accepted and worshipped in Buddhist Tantra also.>>

Text in brackets <<>> by Shrii PR Sarkar


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Who were the Asuras?

In olden times the people evolved in clans. The Gonds, the Munda, the Orano clans of today are descendants of these ancient people.  <<There was still another clan from this Koyel river basin  (near Ranchi) – the Asuas. They originated here and developed their own separate culture. Later they left and headed northwest in the direction of Europe. A few words from their language can still be found among the Gypsies of central Asia and in the Romansch language of Europe. >>

The Asuras settled partly in Central Asia, and their country was called Assyria. The term ‘Asia’ came from the word ‘Assyria’. They were very hostile to the Aryans. The Aryans used to hate them intensely.<< The Asuras were not abnormal creatures fifty feet tall, with over-sized noses, ears and teeth. Rather they were ordinary humans, like us. The only difference was that they would not accept anything Aryan – the Aryan code of conduct, the Aryan religion, etc. Anything related to Aryanism was repugnant to them. This was the only difference between the Aryans and the Asuras, and for this reason the Aryans considered it an act of virtue to kill the Asuras. Those Asuras approached Shiva for shelter, and He granted it.>>

<<Later on the Scythians, both in India and outside, were a branch of the Asura community. The Scythians were mainly earth-coloured; they were short but stocky. They were not actually Asuras, but a sub-tribe of the Asuras.>>18-asuras

<<It is said in the Puranas that the original inhabitants of (Kashmir) were the Kash people – Kash, Kashmirii. They were of Assyrian origin.>>

<<I do not accept that the Aryans as a race are superior and the Asuras inferior. No one has convinced me on this point.>> <<Actually they were a lot more civilized and educated than the Aryans.>> <<All the rákśasas and asuras were Shiva’s obedient devotees and followers. With the help and blessings of Shiva they destroyed the might and power of the “gods”(Aryans).

<<The Aryans learned wheat cultivation from the Asuras, the primitive natives of Iran. Though they became acquainted with paddy, or briihi (briihi → riihi → rihi → risi → “rice”, as in modern English), they did not cultivate it extensively. They learned the use of boiled rice in India.>>

The Asuras had many qualities, many merits, but they had no one to lead them properly. Shukracharya was the name of a learned and wise man who came forward to help these neglected people despite the abuse that was heaped on his head. Kavi also refers to this Shukracharya. He introduced many kinds of battle tactics and composed many rules and regulations to build a nice society. During the time of the Deva-Asura war, he saved the Asuras from destruction through proper counsel. He also pursued scientific knowledge. According to many people he was the first person to make distilled wine. Devásuraeryuddhakále Shukrena parinirmitam – This wine was made by Shukracárya during the battle between the gods and the demons.

Shiva was born in this atmosphere of conflict between the Aryans and the non-Aryans, but He always cherished a sincere desire that all the races – the Aryans, the non-Aryans, and the Mongolians – would live together in peace. In fact, He worked constantly towards that end. And to live in peace and harmony, there must be a supreme ideology accepted by all, because whenever there are ideological differences, physical conflicts between individuals and groups are bound to occur, and peaceful social life becomes impossible. So Shiva held one ideal before them: “Remember, you are all the loving children of the Supreme Father, You are entitled to live in this world as the sons and daughters of one and the same Cosmic Father. And I am always ready to help you to establish yourselves in your right to cosmic inheritance and a truly ideological life.”>>

<<There were many Aryans who married the daughters of these rákśasas and asuras, entranced by their beauty and qualities (those who had a mixture of Mongolian and Dravidian blood had particularly beautiful features… though the Aryans had been proud of their colour and features, that pride faded away within a short time. At that time and also later, even though a few Aryan-proud individuals attempted to defame these rákśasas and asuras, the general mass did not pay much attention to them.>>

<<There is a story in the Upaniśad. Once Indra, the leader of the devatás, approached Parama Puruśa, the source of all energies for some instruction. He spoke a word, “da.” The devatás interpreted it as “damanam kuru” (control of one’s baser propensities). Human beings and asuras also approached Him. He spoke the same word to both of them. The human beings interpreted it as “dayám kuru” (show mercy) and the Asuras interpreted it as “Dánam kuru” (donate). Therefore there is found among the Asuras a great donor like King Maha Bali.>>

Text in brackets <<>> by Shrii PR Sarkar


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Bhaeravii –A Woman Who Practices Tantra Meditation

<<Shiva was the first to introduce the system of marriage. To unite the major races he married three wives- the Aryan princess Párvatii, the Tibetan-Mongolian17-bhaeravii-jpg girl Gaunga and the local Kálii who was ethnically Austrico-Mongolo-Negroid. Parvatii had a son called Bhaerava, Kálii a daughter named Bhaeravii. “Bhaeravii” means “a woman who practises Tantra sádhaná”. Bhaeravii learned the process of sádhaná from her father and practised it regularly. Gaunga had a son Kárttikeya, or Kárttika, or Sanmukham, or Śad́ánana. (In Tamil Sań-mugam, Bálasubrahmańyam or Murúgam).>>

Other concepts of Shiva having Ganesha as a son, Sarasvati and Durga as wife, the Ganges river flowing from the head of Shiva etc. are mythologies and not related to the living Tarakabrahma, the Mahasambhuti, Mahakaola, Mahadeva -Lord Sadashiva who lived around 7000 years ago and deserves the title of Father of human civilization due to his great contributions to humanity in all spheres of life. Shiva taught Bhaevara Tantra meditation.

<<So Shiva taught Bhaerava. Then He thought: “If I teach this only to my son; that is, if my son alone knows this secret spiritual cult, this great asset for humanity, and my daughter remains ignorant, then fifty per cent of the society will remain a burden for the other fifty per cent; that is, the women will remain a burden for the men, and the movement of the men also will be greatly impeded.” Even in those days, 7000 years ago, Shiva thought in this way. “If I only give the strength and responsibility to carry the burden to my son, Bhaerava, that will not be good. I will also have to give some of the responsibility to my daughter, Bhaeravii.” And that is what He did. And since that day, any woman practising Tantra is known as Bhaeravii.>>

<<From a study of history we learn that in those days there was no differentiation between men and women regarding spiritual practices or the spiritual code of conduct. To enable the entire society to develop what He propounded in social, economic, educational, medical, scientific and artistic fields, Shiva taught His daughter in the same way that He taught His son.>>

<<In both the Hindu and Buddhist Tantras, men and women are permitted to do sádhaná together. In the Hindu Tantras, males are advised to ideate that they are Bhaerava, and sádhikás [female spiritual aspirants] to ideate that they are Bhaeravii. Buddhist Tantras prescribe the same thing. There the sádhaka is Vajradhara and the sádhiká is Vajrayośita.>>

To this day there is no discrimination in Tantra when it comes to women’s rights in spiritual or social aspects whereas in religious spheres many injunctions and injustices and discriminations are still prevailing in respect to women. Tantra is primarily a practice and not a belief system.

Text in brackets <<>>by Shrii PR Sarkar

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Vedic and Tantric Initiation

16-shiva-only<<Not only in India, but in quite a large part of the world, in every sphere of life, the laws and injunctions of Shiva alone prevailed for a long time. Even today the civilization of modern India is intrinsically Tantric. On the outside only is there a Vedic stamp. Or if we take the Indian civilization as an enameled ornament, then its gold is Tantric, and the enamel is Vedic.>>

The Aryans were a civilization on the move while formulating their caste system, religious rules and social warfare. In time they developed a wealth of experience and dynamism but also conceit and arrogance. They could not perceive the subtlety and sensibility of the local Tantric civilization of the Austric, Tibetan-Mongolian and Drawidian race of greater India which was ancient and contemplative. It was Shiva’s personality as a spiritual and social guru on the side of the Tantric civilization who could bring about integration and balance among the four races as they converged in the foothills of the Himalayas.

<<When the Aryans came to India, roughly during the period of the Atharvaveda, they learned Tantra sádhaná (meditation) to some extent after coming in contact with the Indian Tantrics. This resulted in the Atharvaveda being pervasively influenced by Tantra. Even if the orthodox Vedics try to reject the many Tantra-influenced portions of the Vedas as later interpolations, they will not be too convincing, for Tantra has now infiltrated into the marrow of the so-called Aryans.>>

<<The religion of the Vedic Aryans was, as a rule, one of prayer. It did not include even the subtlest hint of any intuitional meditation. >>

<<Vedic initiation was more or less based on the “Savitr Rk” of the Rgveda, although as regards the adjustment between the spiritual world with the material world for a spiritual aspirant, the Yajurveda surpasses the Rgveda in importance. In terms of pronunciation and phonetics the Yajurveda is quite different from the Rgveda. The Yajurveda had closer contact with Tantra. And the Atharva was mixed with Tantra at nearly every step. At one time the orthodox priests declared the followers of the Atharvaveda to be socially outcast; they said “atharvánnaḿ má bhuiṋjiitháh”, that is, the food of the followers of the Atharvaveda should not be accepted.

<<Tantra is of the opinion that the Vedas cannot fulfill the hopes of beginners on the spiritual path – the hopes of making some discernible spiritual progress at the outset. In fact there is often retardation. That is why the Vedic system of sádhaná has been almost totally rejected by society. Even in the past it was not widely popular, and today it is practiced by only a few people. And the little Vedic sádhaná which is practiced today is merely a few prayers to Parama Puruśa (Supreme Being). For example, they pray, “O Lord, show me the way. Please help me get Tantric initiation.”>>

<<So Vedic initiation today is just the first step towards Tantric initiation. The sádhaka says, “O Lord, I want to follow the path of spirituality and wish to practice the Tantric process of sádhaná. Please give me the opportunity to learn it.”>>

Tantric initiation has been maintained since the time of Shiva until today through Tantra gurus initiating their disciples into the practice of meditation. (see Anandamarga.org)

Text in brackets <<>> from the writings of Shrii PR Sarkar

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A’rs’a Dharma and Shaeva Dharma

The Religion of the Aryans and the Tantra of Shiva15-shiva

Over the course of 8000 years as the Aryan sages were adding new verses to the collection of hymns ( Vedas) and at the same time moving from the Caucasus via Iran and Afghanistan to Northern India they came to meet the Tantra teachings and practices of Shiva (7000 years ago). The two distinct flows mingled and effected the Atharva Veda which had its beginnings around this time.

The religion of the Aryan sages (Árśa Dharma)was full of rituals and rules for worship and for various social aspects.  For example, the Vedas were called shruti because they had to be mastered by hearing and then memorizing. Even after script was invented (5600 years ago) there was resistance in writing them down due to dogmatic superstition. <<The scholars did not dare to defy the superstition>>.

It was the Aryans who brought the caste system into India. They distinguished themselves as part of the priest caste (Brahmins), or the intellectual caste (the Vipras) or the trader caste (Vaeshyas). The Aryans despised the rest of society, all the indigenous inhabitants of India and eventually classified them as the low caste (Shudras).

<< To distinguish themselves from the masses as the upholders of Aryan culture and Vedic religion, the Aryans started wearing a pigtail. Through their pigtail the Aryans proclaimed their Aryan identity, in spite of the fact that tremendous racial mixing had already occurred in India and that the skin colour of many of those who followed this custom was black. >>

<<The divine revelations experienced by the sages of the ancient Vedic age through their meditative vision have been compiled in the Vedas. Thus the Vedas have to some extent quenched the human thirst for intellectual knowledge. But they have not quenched the thirst for supreme knowledge, the fundamental thirst of human life. That thirst can only be quenched through the illuminating realizations of sádhaná [spiritual practice].>> << Lord Shiva was the first to propound it, and He gave this spiritual cult the name Tantra. Tantra is the secret behind spiritual progress.>>

<<Veda through its sacrificial rituals encourages materialism, while the Tantric cult through its mental and spiritual practice helps sádhakas (spiritual aspirants) progress towards the intuitional self – towards the Supreme Non-Attributional Reality.>>

The Aryans were fond of wine. During ritual ceremonies the wine bearers would serve wine. The priest performing the rituals had to wear an animal skin over the left shoulder to be easily identified as a priest and not served wine so that he could perform the rituals with a sober mind. The animal skin eventually became the sacred thread of the Brahmin priest class.

<<The racially chauvinistic Aryans could not remain at peace after their acceptance of Shiva as God. Thinking that the non-Aryans would make capital of this and boast about their triumph over the Aryans, they threw themselves into the task of proving that Shiva was an Aryan. .. the Aryans turned Him into a full-fledged divinity of the scriptures. To prove that he was Aryan they hung a sacred thread on his left shoulder.>>

<<The fundamental difference between the Vedic Aryan ideals and the Tantric ideals is that among the Vedic ideals, much importance is granted to racial and clan differences, while in Tantra only the ideal human gets the honour. There is very little scope for spiritual development in the prayerful Aryan religion, and that is why the Aryans who settled in India gradually became influenced by Tantra. The effectiveness of Tantra in developing personality and vigour within a short span of time made Tantra attractive to the Aryans. So in the beginning they started practising Tantra sádhaná (meditation), but with strict secrecy. During the daytime they would remain Aryans with their usual emblems – shikhá [sacred hair] and sútra [sacred thread] – but at night they would throw off their upaviita [sacred thread] and caste differences and practise Tantra sádhaná in Bhaeravii cakra (the six-pointed star).>>

<<In the Vedic system there is no such strong preceptor-disciple relationship, for Vedic knowledge is completely theoretical. In Tantra emphasis is placed not only on the selection of competent masters and worthy disciples, but also on the need for disciples to make a total surrender to the preceptor in the early stages of the Tantric path.>>

The Tantric spiritual practice where taught by Shiva to the local indigenous people and the Mediterranean Caucasians and the Indo-Tibetans. Later on, it was learnt by the Mongolians and the Alpine Caucasians, and still later by the Nordic Caucasians.

<<Shiva showed human beings how to attain peace; and that path to supreme peace should not be called a path of ordinary attainment, but of supreme attainment. Here the spiritual realization is aparokśánubhúti – is direct. This path, as shown by Shiva, is known as Shaeva Dharma>>

Text in brackets <<>> by Shrii PR Sarkar

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Sanskrit Letters – The Acoustic Roots of Propensities

14As I am pursuing to compose a timeline of the Samskrta language starting from 15000 years ago to the present along the writings of Shrii PR Sarkar, and having arrived now at a very significant time of 7000 years ago when Lord Shiva walked on this dusty Earth as a sadguru, I am stepping out of this line to highlight the importance of the Samskrta alphabet in its relevance on the human mind as of today.

In the last article about ‘Samskrta Alphabet and Kalii’, we could see the very first attempt to depict the 50 letters of the Samskrta alphabet about 7000 years ago.

Today Shrii PR Sarkar has elaborated on these 50 letters that they are not only the alphabet of the Samskrta language but at the same time acoustic roots of very specific expressions of the human mind or propensities (vrttis in Samskrta). << To find expression the mind adopts certain inter- and intra-ectoplasmic occupations. These occupations (love, hatred, fear, etc.) are known as vrtti. In other words, vrtti may be defined as “the way of expression of mind”. On the psychic level this occupation is called “expressed sentiment”.>>

<<… every propensity has its own vibration, and each vibration has a certain colour and sound. The sounds of the fifty propensities constitute our language.>>

Around the seven main cakras or psychic controlling centers in the body there are glands and sub glands that are linked to the specific propensities. Each propensity has an acoustic root which forms a letter in the Sam’skrta alphabet.  Thus Samskrta is the eternal language of the human body and mind. It has been harmoniously constructed; it carries the ancient Vedas of 15,000 years ago and has vital significance as humanity advances deeper into super modern bio=psychology. It has all the qualities of a new lingua franca of the future as it has a firm base for intuitional science of meditation and yoga psychology and as well for literary and cultural expression.

Text in brackets <<>> by Shrii PR Sarkar

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The Sanskrit Alphabet and Kalii

13<<The seed of creation, ‘a’ is the first sound, the first letter of the alphabet. When we put together the first letter of the alphabet ‘a’ and the last letter ‘kśa’, we get the akśamálá [garland of ‘a’ to ‘ksa’]  which is also known as the varńamálá [the garland of letters].>>

The Sam’skrta alphabet was developed during Shiva’s time around 7000 years ago. The people understood that the primordial creative force (Shakti or Kalii of Shiva) was instrumental for the Cosmic sound  AUM – composed of  ‘a’ – Creation (Brahma’), ’u’ – preservation (Vis’nu) and ‘m’ – destruction (Maheshvara). The AUM is the collective sound of all sounds in the universe. It contains 50 acoustic sounds that became the Sam’skrta alphabet. Since there was no script yet, the people expressed these letters by drawing 50 faces, each sound coming out of the mouth of one face.  They depicted the primordial Shakti as dark coloured goddess (without clothes) in the dark unexpressed state of creation. In her hand was the first letter ‘a’ of the akśamálá (alphabet) and the 49 letters were a garland around her neck.

Later between 2500 and 1600 years ago idol worship was in vogue  and the idea of the primordial Shakti came to be worshipped as the idol Kalii or Shyama or Durga with a garland of skulls  around her neck. Usually the idol Kalii’s has less than 49 skulls because the artists not knowing the original meaning of the skulls.

<<In the age of Shiva Tantra many káliká shaktis [deities] were accepted, but there was no idol worship. Then followed the age of Shivottara [Post-Shiva] Tantra, during the Buddhist and Jain period. During that period, various systems were introduced for worshiping different gods and goddesses in the form of idols; and the metamorphosed Post-Shiva Tantra that came subsequently (largely influenced by Buddhism and Jainism) continued to promote the worship of the deities of Post-Shiva Tantra, but now introduced their worship in the form of idols as well.>>

The frightful image and out-stretched tongue of the idol Kalii is related to a story:  Shiva’s wife Kalii had a daughter called Bhaeravii.  Shiva used to take Bhaeravii and Bhaerava his son from Parvatii out into the dark to have them practice meditation. Kalii as a mother got worried and went out to make sure Bhaeravii was safe.  In the dark she stumbled over Shiva in meditation and stuck out her tongue in fright and embarrassment.

<<A kind of mixed Tantra was evolved out of three different spiritual texts: the Puranas, the Tantras, and the Atharvaveda. In this mixed Tantra, the akśamálá was held by a Tantric deity known as Bhadrakálii (who is not the four-armed goddess depicted in mythology). When idol worship first started, human beings had not yet learned how to write or recognize the letters of the alphabet. To symbolize those fifty sounds, therefore, a garland of fifty human heads was placed around the neck of the effigy of Goddess Kálii, as it is the human mouth which utters words. The acoustic root of creation is ‘a’ the acoustic root of preservation is ‘u’ and the acoustic root of destruction is ‘ma’. So ‘a’, being the acoustic root of creation, was made the first letter. That is why the deity Bhadrakálii holds the first letter ‘a’ in her hand while the remaining 49 letters, from á to kśa, are suspended from her neck. Of course, in the idols made nowadays, just fifteen to twenty faces are placed in the garland. The artists who make these effigies today are not aware of the philosophical significance, nor are the worshipers.>>

<<The word akśa has two letters, a and kśa. From a to kśa, in the Nagari system of letters, there are fifty letters. These letters are the acoustic roots of the fifty propensities through which human beings function. The different sounds are only a mixture and combination in varying degrees of these acoustic vibrations. So in other words, akśa represents the whole set of the vibrations; that is, the creation. Since we see this creation with our eyes, the eye in Sanskrit is called akśi. The pronunciation of this word as per the Tantric and the [Yajurvedic] system would be akkhi.>>

Text in brackets <<>> by Shrii Prabhat Rainjan Sarkar

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The Dravidian Script of the Harappa – Mohenjodaro Civilization

12aeThe Vedic language came with the Aryans entering greater India. Vedic had lots its vitality as it marched for about 10, 000 years carrying the Rg Veda and the Yajurveda. Vedic had no script and no grammar but was a living language that we come to know through its literary reflection of the psychic characteristics of those times.>> When meeting the Sam’skrita in India many words were incorporated into the Sam’skrita from the Vedic.>>

<<The Vedic language of the Aryans who had already arrived in India had exerted a widespread influence on the spoken dialects of the indigenous population of India, such as the Kash, the Scythians, the Euchi, the South Kuśán, etc. Obviously, Sam’skrita, the common language of the indigenous people of the then India, was not outside the orbit of influence of the Vedic language; but that influence was not unilateral; that is, the Vedic language was also influenced by the Sam’skrita language.>>

<<During Shiva’s time (7000 years ago) the people were acquainted with the science of phonetics, that is, the intonations of the letters.>> << It was indeed the Tantrics, and not the Vedics, who invented script and acoustic science. So far as correctness of pronunciation is concerned, the Tantric mode is to be accepted, not the Vedic. Remember that each of the fifty letters of the Sanskrit akśaramálá (alphabet) constitutes one acoustic root of Tantra. It was for the purpose of spiritual practice that the Tantrics had discovered these roots. Here the Aryans deserve no credit at all.>>

<<The Aryans did not have their own script and thus were first introduced to the written alphabet after coming in contact with the Dravidians. The Dravidians of the Harappa and Mahenjodaro civilizations of India were already using a script, the Saendhavii script; after the Aryan migration into India, that script became transformed into the Bráhmii and Kharośt́hi scripts.>> << The Bráhmii and Kharośt́hi scripts were invented some time after Shiva. Thus we can generally say that the Vedas and Tantra exercised their mutual influence over each other, through the invention of script, only at the time of the Atharvaveda >>(Between 7000 to 5000 years ago)

<<The Vaedik people of Central Asia who came to India were illiterate, they had no script of their own. They learned how to write from the indigenous population of India, that is, from the Dravidians.>>

The Sam’skrta  and the languages derived from  Sam’skrta  start with’ ka’ as the first consonant.  This letter ka was represented in the Bráhmii script as a cross. The sages implied that the vertical line represents ‘Cosmic Consciousness’ or ‘purus’a’ and the horizontal line the manifested creation ‘prakrti’. These two aspects combined was symbolizing ‘káryabrahma’ meaning the created universe of Brahma/God. <<The biija (seed) mantra of káryabrahma is ‘ka’. So the cross became the first letter ‘ka’ in the Bráhmii script. Through the process of quick writing the Bráhmii ‘ka’ became transformed through distortion into today’s letter ka in subsequent scripts  which derived from the Bráhmii script.

In Vedic ‘ka’ means ‘god’ and as well in the Mayan (influenced by Dravidian culture) pictural language there is a cross  ‘k’uh’ and it also means  ‘god’.

The svastika  (Swastika) comes from ‘su’ (good) and ‘asti’( to be) meaning ‘good existence’ or ‘perfection’. The symbol is derived from the cross by adding arms that indicate the counterclockwise dynamic movement (in the flow of the kun’dalinii ) towards the goal of life which is ‘God, enlightenment, perfection.’

Text in brackets <<>> is by Shrii Prabhat Rainjan Sarkar


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