By the time the Aryans reached India bringing timeless wisdom in the Vedas, the Vedic language was distorted, surviving 15000 years. It was without grammar or system but very rich in vocabulary and expression. In India the wealth inherent in the Vedic language was maintained, revived and became the reformed and restored Saḿskrta (‘sam’ means ‘well’ and ‘krta’ means ‘made’). Vedic and Saḿskrta were the languages of the sages, the wise, the learned but some groups of people adopted Saḿskrta and it became their root language. Therefore certain languages have a high percent of Saḿskrta vocabulary in their present day language today.
<< In Bengali there are 92% Saḿskrta words, in Oriya 90%, Maethilii 85%, Tamil 3% and Malayalam 75%. Some people from North India travelled to the western part of Madras by sea and settled there, hence Malayalam is full of Saḿskrta words, although the verbs are from Tamil.>>
<<The original inhabitants of Bangalistan include the Rajbanshis from North Bengal; the Mahatos from Ráŕh; the Cakmas from Chattagram and Tripura; the Mahisyas from Midnapore and 24 Paraganas; the Sadgopes from Birbhum; the Namashudras from Jessore and Khulna; and the Ugra Kśatriyas from Burdwan. These original Bengalis may be called the “Játa Bengalis.”
The proof that these communities are the original Bengalis is that they are situated in numerous adjacent villages throughout the regions they inhabit. Village after village of these original inhabitants are located together. They do not populate one or two isolated villages, nor are there merely several people from these communities scattered in a few villages throughout the region. This proves the local people were consolidated in particular areas. In contrast, the Brahmins and the Kayasthas are found in only a few villages and are few in number, thus we cannot be sure that they are the original inhabitants of Bengal. They may have come from other parts of Bengal to do some special kind of work, as priests for example, or they may have come from outside Bengal.
Whenever you plan any developmental programme for Bengal, you should keep the interests of the Játa Bengalees uppermost, as they are the original inhabitants and taken together comprise the majority community. If they are benefited, the whole of Bangalistan will be benefited.
The original name of the Bengali community was “Kaebarta” meaning “a community of fishermen”. They were divided into five groups – the Namashudras in the east; the Rajabangshir in the north; the Mahisyas in the south; the Sadgopes in the northern part; and the Mahatos in the west. Mahato came from “Mahatma”. These original five communities were not tribals.
In Bengal there are many small groups of people speaking non – Saḿskrta languages. For example, Indo-Tibetan and several other languages. These groups are known as “tribals” – those speaking non- Saḿskrta languages. The Játa Bengalees are the indigenous population of Bengal and speak a pure Saḿskrta language.>>
Text in brackets <<>> are by Shrii PR Sarkar.