In olden times the people evolved in clans. The Gonds, the Munda, the Orano clans of today are descendants of these ancient people. <<There was still another clan from this Koyel river basin (near Ranchi) – the Asuas. They originated here and developed their own separate culture. Later they left and headed northwest in the direction of Europe. A few words from their language can still be found among the Gypsies of central Asia and in the Romansch language of Europe. >>
The Asuras settled partly in Central Asia, and their country was called Assyria. The term ‘Asia’ came from the word ‘Assyria’. They were very hostile to the Aryans. The Aryans used to hate them intensely.<< The Asuras were not abnormal creatures fifty feet tall, with over-sized noses, ears and teeth. Rather they were ordinary humans, like us. The only difference was that they would not accept anything Aryan – the Aryan code of conduct, the Aryan religion, etc. Anything related to Aryanism was repugnant to them. This was the only difference between the Aryans and the Asuras, and for this reason the Aryans considered it an act of virtue to kill the Asuras. Those Asuras approached Shiva for shelter, and He granted it.>>
<<Later on the Scythians, both in India and outside, were a branch of the Asura community. The Scythians were mainly earth-coloured; they were short but stocky. They were not actually Asuras, but a sub-tribe of the Asuras.>>
<<It is said in the Puranas that the original inhabitants of (Kashmir) were the Kash people – Kash, Kashmirii. They were of Assyrian origin.>>
<<I do not accept that the Aryans as a race are superior and the Asuras inferior. No one has convinced me on this point.>> <<Actually they were a lot more civilized and educated than the Aryans.>> <<All the rákśasas and asuras were Shiva’s obedient devotees and followers. With the help and blessings of Shiva they destroyed the might and power of the “gods”(Aryans).
<<The Aryans learned wheat cultivation from the Asuras, the primitive natives of Iran. Though they became acquainted with paddy, or briihi (briihi → riihi → rihi → risi → “rice”, as in modern English), they did not cultivate it extensively. They learned the use of boiled rice in India.>>
The Asuras had many qualities, many merits, but they had no one to lead them properly. Shukracharya was the name of a learned and wise man who came forward to help these neglected people despite the abuse that was heaped on his head. Kavi also refers to this Shukracharya. He introduced many kinds of battle tactics and composed many rules and regulations to build a nice society. During the time of the Deva-Asura war, he saved the Asuras from destruction through proper counsel. He also pursued scientific knowledge. According to many people he was the first person to make distilled wine. Devásuraeryuddhakále Shukrena parinirmitam – This wine was made by Shukracárya during the battle between the gods and the demons.
Shiva was born in this atmosphere of conflict between the Aryans and the non-Aryans, but He always cherished a sincere desire that all the races – the Aryans, the non-Aryans, and the Mongolians – would live together in peace. In fact, He worked constantly towards that end. And to live in peace and harmony, there must be a supreme ideology accepted by all, because whenever there are ideological differences, physical conflicts between individuals and groups are bound to occur, and peaceful social life becomes impossible. So Shiva held one ideal before them: “Remember, you are all the loving children of the Supreme Father, You are entitled to live in this world as the sons and daughters of one and the same Cosmic Father. And I am always ready to help you to establish yourselves in your right to cosmic inheritance and a truly ideological life.”>>
<<There were many Aryans who married the daughters of these rákśasas and asuras, entranced by their beauty and qualities (those who had a mixture of Mongolian and Dravidian blood had particularly beautiful features… though the Aryans had been proud of their colour and features, that pride faded away within a short time. At that time and also later, even though a few Aryan-proud individuals attempted to defame these rákśasas and asuras, the general mass did not pay much attention to them.>>
<<There is a story in the Upaniśad. Once Indra, the leader of the devatás, approached Parama Puruśa, the source of all energies for some instruction. He spoke a word, “da.” The devatás interpreted it as “damanam kuru” (control of one’s baser propensities). Human beings and asuras also approached Him. He spoke the same word to both of them. The human beings interpreted it as “dayám kuru” (show mercy) and the Asuras interpreted it as “Dánam kuru” (donate). Therefore there is found among the Asuras a great donor like King Maha Bali.>>
Text in brackets <<>> by Shrii PR Sarkar