Sanskrit Letters – The Acoustic Roots of Propensities

14As I am pursuing to compose a timeline of the Samskrta language starting from 15000 years ago to the present along the writings of Shrii PR Sarkar, and having arrived now at a very significant time of 7000 years ago when Lord Shiva walked on this dusty Earth as a sadguru, I am stepping out of this line to highlight the importance of the Samskrta alphabet in its relevance on the human mind as of today.

In the last article about ‘Samskrta Alphabet and Kalii’, we could see the very first attempt to depict the 50 letters of the Samskrta alphabet about 7000 years ago.

Today Shrii PR Sarkar has elaborated on these 50 letters that they are not only the alphabet of the Samskrta language but at the same time acoustic roots of very specific expressions of the human mind or propensities (vrttis in Samskrta). << To find expression the mind adopts certain inter- and intra-ectoplasmic occupations. These occupations (love, hatred, fear, etc.) are known as vrtti. In other words, vrtti may be defined as “the way of expression of mind”. On the psychic level this occupation is called “expressed sentiment”.>>

<<… every propensity has its own vibration, and each vibration has a certain colour and sound. The sounds of the fifty propensities constitute our language.>>

Around the seven main cakras or psychic controlling centers in the body there are glands and sub glands that are linked to the specific propensities. Each propensity has an acoustic root which forms a letter in the Sam’skrta alphabet.  Thus Samskrta is the eternal language of the human body and mind. It has been harmoniously constructed; it carries the ancient Vedas of 15,000 years ago and has vital significance as humanity advances deeper into super modern bio=psychology. It has all the qualities of a new lingua franca of the future as it has a firm base for intuitional science of meditation and yoga psychology and as well for literary and cultural expression.

Text in brackets <<>> by Shrii PR Sarkar

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The Sanskrit Alphabet and Kalii

13<<The seed of creation, ‘a’ is the first sound, the first letter of the alphabet. When we put together the first letter of the alphabet ‘a’ and the last letter ‘kśa’, we get the akśamálá [garland of ‘a’ to ‘ksa’]  which is also known as the varńamálá [the garland of letters].>>

The Sam’skrta alphabet was developed during Shiva’s time around 7000 years ago. The people understood that the primordial creative force (Shakti or Kalii of Shiva) was instrumental for the Cosmic sound  AUM – composed of  ‘a’ – Creation (Brahma’), ’u’ – preservation (Vis’nu) and ‘m’ – destruction (Maheshvara). The AUM is the collective sound of all sounds in the universe. It contains 50 acoustic sounds that became the Sam’skrta alphabet. Since there was no script yet, the people expressed these letters by drawing 50 faces, each sound coming out of the mouth of one face.  They depicted the primordial Shakti as dark coloured goddess (without clothes) in the dark unexpressed state of creation. In her hand was the first letter ‘a’ of the akśamálá (alphabet) and the 49 letters were a garland around her neck.

Later between 2500 and 1600 years ago idol worship was in vogue  and the idea of the primordial Shakti came to be worshipped as the idol Kalii or Shyama or Durga with a garland of skulls  around her neck. Usually the idol Kalii’s has less than 49 skulls because the artists not knowing the original meaning of the skulls.

<<In the age of Shiva Tantra many káliká shaktis [deities] were accepted, but there was no idol worship. Then followed the age of Shivottara [Post-Shiva] Tantra, during the Buddhist and Jain period. During that period, various systems were introduced for worshiping different gods and goddesses in the form of idols; and the metamorphosed Post-Shiva Tantra that came subsequently (largely influenced by Buddhism and Jainism) continued to promote the worship of the deities of Post-Shiva Tantra, but now introduced their worship in the form of idols as well.>>

The frightful image and out-stretched tongue of the idol Kalii is related to a story:  Shiva’s wife Kalii had a daughter called Bhaeravii.  Shiva used to take Bhaeravii and Bhaerava his son from Parvatii out into the dark to have them practice meditation. Kalii as a mother got worried and went out to make sure Bhaeravii was safe.  In the dark she stumbled over Shiva in meditation and stuck out her tongue in fright and embarrassment.

<<A kind of mixed Tantra was evolved out of three different spiritual texts: the Puranas, the Tantras, and the Atharvaveda. In this mixed Tantra, the akśamálá was held by a Tantric deity known as Bhadrakálii (who is not the four-armed goddess depicted in mythology). When idol worship first started, human beings had not yet learned how to write or recognize the letters of the alphabet. To symbolize those fifty sounds, therefore, a garland of fifty human heads was placed around the neck of the effigy of Goddess Kálii, as it is the human mouth which utters words. The acoustic root of creation is ‘a’ the acoustic root of preservation is ‘u’ and the acoustic root of destruction is ‘ma’. So ‘a’, being the acoustic root of creation, was made the first letter. That is why the deity Bhadrakálii holds the first letter ‘a’ in her hand while the remaining 49 letters, from á to kśa, are suspended from her neck. Of course, in the idols made nowadays, just fifteen to twenty faces are placed in the garland. The artists who make these effigies today are not aware of the philosophical significance, nor are the worshipers.>>

<<The word akśa has two letters, a and kśa. From a to kśa, in the Nagari system of letters, there are fifty letters. These letters are the acoustic roots of the fifty propensities through which human beings function. The different sounds are only a mixture and combination in varying degrees of these acoustic vibrations. So in other words, akśa represents the whole set of the vibrations; that is, the creation. Since we see this creation with our eyes, the eye in Sanskrit is called akśi. The pronunciation of this word as per the Tantric and the [Yajurvedic] system would be akkhi.>>

Text in brackets <<>> by Shrii Prabhat Rainjan Sarkar

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The Dravidian Script of the Harappa – Mohenjodaro Civilization

12aeThe Vedic language came with the Aryans entering greater India. Vedic had lots its vitality as it marched for about 10, 000 years carrying the Rg Veda and the Yajurveda. Vedic had no script and no grammar but was a living language that we come to know through its literary reflection of the psychic characteristics of those times.>> When meeting the Sam’skrita in India many words were incorporated into the Sam’skrita from the Vedic.>>

<<The Vedic language of the Aryans who had already arrived in India had exerted a widespread influence on the spoken dialects of the indigenous population of India, such as the Kash, the Scythians, the Euchi, the South Kuśán, etc. Obviously, Sam’skrita, the common language of the indigenous people of the then India, was not outside the orbit of influence of the Vedic language; but that influence was not unilateral; that is, the Vedic language was also influenced by the Sam’skrita language.>>

<<During Shiva’s time (7000 years ago) the people were acquainted with the science of phonetics, that is, the intonations of the letters.>> << It was indeed the Tantrics, and not the Vedics, who invented script and acoustic science. So far as correctness of pronunciation is concerned, the Tantric mode is to be accepted, not the Vedic. Remember that each of the fifty letters of the Sanskrit akśaramálá (alphabet) constitutes one acoustic root of Tantra. It was for the purpose of spiritual practice that the Tantrics had discovered these roots. Here the Aryans deserve no credit at all.>>

<<The Aryans did not have their own script and thus were first introduced to the written alphabet after coming in contact with the Dravidians. The Dravidians of the Harappa and Mahenjodaro civilizations of India were already using a script, the Saendhavii script; after the Aryan migration into India, that script became transformed into the Bráhmii and Kharośt́hi scripts.>> << The Bráhmii and Kharośt́hi scripts were invented some time after Shiva. Thus we can generally say that the Vedas and Tantra exercised their mutual influence over each other, through the invention of script, only at the time of the Atharvaveda >>(Between 7000 to 5000 years ago)

<<The Vaedik people of Central Asia who came to India were illiterate, they had no script of their own. They learned how to write from the indigenous population of India, that is, from the Dravidians.>>

The Sam’skrta  and the languages derived from  Sam’skrta  start with’ ka’ as the first consonant.  This letter ka was represented in the Bráhmii script as a cross. The sages implied that the vertical line represents ‘Cosmic Consciousness’ or ‘purus’a’ and the horizontal line the manifested creation ‘prakrti’. These two aspects combined was symbolizing ‘káryabrahma’ meaning the created universe of Brahma/God. <<The biija (seed) mantra of káryabrahma is ‘ka’. So the cross became the first letter ‘ka’ in the Bráhmii script. Through the process of quick writing the Bráhmii ‘ka’ became transformed through distortion into today’s letter ka in subsequent scripts  which derived from the Bráhmii script.

In Vedic ‘ka’ means ‘god’ and as well in the Mayan (influenced by Dravidian culture) pictural language there is a cross  ‘k’uh’ and it also means  ‘god’.

The svastika  (Swastika) comes from ‘su’ (good) and ‘asti’( to be) meaning ‘good existence’ or ‘perfection’. The symbol is derived from the cross by adding arms that indicate the counterclockwise dynamic movement (in the flow of the kun’dalinii ) towards the goal of life which is ‘God, enlightenment, perfection.’

Text in brackets <<>> is by Shrii Prabhat Rainjan Sarkar


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Shiva’s Contribution to our Civilization

11eWe can roughly say that civilization first started sprouting after the prehistoric age of the human race, that is, from the days of the first composition of the Rg Veda, about 15,000 years ago. A major change took place during the days of Lord Shiva around 7000 years ago. In the midst of the confluence of the Aryans, Mongolians, Austrics and Dravidians (blend of Negro and Austric) Shiva was instrumental in this change.

Shiva was called by many names which speak of his nature and his contribution to civilization for example:

Shiva – means ‘welfare’ and ‘Sadáshiva’ means ‘always benevolent and merciful’.

Niilakantha – Blue throated – the one who drinks the poison of evil of the world and bestows his mercy and benevolence, the one who could stop the war between the Aryans and the locals and unite them.

Adipita – ‘First Father’- <<Whoever was a spiritualist had left his or her own clan and entered the Shiva clan.>>  His followers proclaimed: Átmagotraḿ parityajya Shivagotraḿ pravishatu – Leave your own clan and enter Shiva’s clan. From now on there will be no discrimination among us, no conflict among the clans. Regardless of our colour – black, white, yellow – we are all the sons and daughters of Shiva. We all belong to one clan – Shiva’s clan.” >>  <<Shiva proclaimed, “You are all mine. Whatever hill you live on you are still my own. I will think well of you. I will think about your collective welfare. I will work for your collective well-being. Come one and all to me safely and fearlessly and tell me your needs. I will help you.>>

Áshutośa  –  Easy to please, easily approachable  <<Shiva had such a forgiving nature, born out of His spirit of benevolence, that even the most wicked could easily draw on His kindness>>

Bholánátha – one absolutely indifferent to his own status, self-sacrificing nature. << All were attracted to Shiva’s supernatural power, His imposing personality, His limitless qualities and the calm, tranquil radiance of His features.>> In his presence for the first time people could relax and live a peaceful life.

Pas’upati – ‘Father of animals’ – even the animals (and plants) found shelter with Shiva due to his kindness and care. Symbolically, the poisonous cobras felt safe around Shiva’s neck.

Nirguńa Brahma – << Due to Shiva’s pervasive influence over their society, the non-Aryans, that is, the Tantrics, used to worship Him as god, and according to their respective intellectual strata they regarded and accepted Him in His different bearings. Just as the Aryans began to identify Shiva with their own gods and goddesses, the kaola mahátántrikas (great Tantrics in the tradition of kulakuńd́alinii yoga) began to regard their Shiva as identical with Nirguńa Brahma.>>

Maheshvara –Shaunakara – Kálbhaerav – as the destroyer of evil and immorality.

Hara – the one who takes away your sins, people used to call out “Hara Hara Vyom Vyom”

Umapati – Shiva introduced the system of marriage for the first time in the world. He married Párvatii the daughter of an Aryan king to bring about unity between the Aryans and Non-Aryans. In the same spirit he also married Kálii, an Austrico-Dravidian girl; and Gaungá, a Mongolian girl with a yellow complexion, born in Tibet. <<He hoped these marriages would restore the spirit of friendship among the three races. With the help of his three wives, he propagated the gospels of dharma (spirituality) and the practices of Tantra. It was a great advantage for Shiva that he was accepted as a god equally by the Aryans, the Mongolo-Tibetans and the Austrics.>> Shiva’s close  followers became fearless and used to proclaim: Hararme pitá Gaorii mátá svadeshah bhuvanatrayam – “Shiva is my father, Párvatii is my mother, and the three worlds of earth, heaven and hell are my native land.”

Nataraja – King of Dancers. He invented the Tandava dance and his wife Parvatii invented Lalita Marmika dance. << The fundamental spirit, of dance, instrumental music, and song were brought within the framework of science by Sadáshiva>> He invented hundreds of mudras and taught them to sage Bharata. Shiva laid the foundation to the oriental dance of today.

Nádatanu – << Based on the sounds of seven creatures, Shiva evolved the surasaptaka – sa, ra, ga ma pa da ni  – or the musical octave  ‘do re me fa so la ti do’.>>  <<By permutating and combining different sounds, Shiva created various rágas and arranged them in a perfect orderly sequence. In this way He created six rágas and thirty-six ráginiis. This was an immense contribution to the world of music.>>

Yogeshvar – He was the first propounder of yoga with all its aspects. He gave the definition of yoga: <<According to Tantra, the unification of the jiivátmá (soul)  with Paramátmá (Supreme) means yoga.>>

Mrtyuinjaya” – “Conqueror of Death.” – <<No one has counted the number of medicines Shiva invented for every kind of disease. He was the first preceptor of the áyurvedácáryas – teachers of áyurveda, the science of medicine to increase longevity.>> <<The vaedyak shástra which Shiva had invented already included dissection, surgical operations, stitching, etc.>> . <<This not only immensely benefited India, but later also brought about significant improvements in the alchemy, the alchemistry and the medico-chemistry of Central Asia. This was no ordinary achievement.>>

Mantreshvara – <<Shiva also taught the people how to develop themselves spiritually with the help of mantra yoga, rája yoga and other branches of rájádhiráj yoga.>>

Mahakaola – who was able to raise his own kulakuńd́alinii (spiritual force) and that of others. <<Those who learned the science of Tantra Yoga and Rája Yoga from Lord Shiva, cultivated the physical and psychic aspects of knowledge – the expressions and waves of vibrations.>>

Mahasadvipra – <<one who actually initiates the major change>>. His teachings of Tantra are known as Shivokti or Agama and Nigama. He helped to bring about the 50 letters of the Sam’skrta alphabet and aligned them to the bio-psychology of the human body and mind. In his time the Vedic language merged into the thus systematized Samskrta. Tantra influenced the Atharva veda from 7000 to 5000 years ago.

Nikhilabhayaharam – “the one who removes the boundless fears of the universe.”

<<Shiva was a great personality. At the same time, His entire life – we may say, His very way of life – is a philosophy. And when one’s personality becomes fully identified with one’s philosophy of life, one becomes a god.>>

Text in brackets <<>> is from the writings of Shrii Prabhat Rainjan Sarkar

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The Battle Between the Devas and Asuras 7000 Yeas Ago

samudra-manthanBetween 7000 and 10,000 years ago the Aryans entered India from the northwest. There was a collision of the three ethnic group, the Austrics, the Mongolian group who came to India from Tibet and China and the Aryan who were mostly the Mediterranean subgroup of Aryans. There was a general disharmony among these three groups that had converged in India, expressed in numerous feuds and clashes among the various hill clans.  At times this predominantly racial conflict among the different hill clans was raging fiercely. The locals were suffering under the yoke of the invaders.

imagesThe Aryans << brought with them the Vedic lifestyle and language; and the Vedic administration, social order and methods of warfare. They began to use the derogatory word Anárya (non-Aryan) for all the indigenous people of India. Slowly India was divided into two clearly different mental structures. One was the sentiment born of the vanity of the victorious Aryans, and the other was the sentiment created by the inferiority complex of the vanquished non-Aryans. Thus, two nations were formed in India – the Aryans and the non-Aryans.>>

<< It was not difficult for the healthy, martial, almost invincible Aryans to conquer northern India. The victorious Aryans treated the vanquished non-Aryans as slaves, trampling them underfoot to the bottom of their trivarńa [three-caste] society – their society of Bráhmańas (priests), Kśatriyas (warriors) and Vaeshyas (traders). There the non-Aryans became the fourth class, or Shúdra Varńa (labourer class), while society became a cáturvarńa [four-caste] society.>>

<<In the then India, the mutual relations between the original inhabitants of India (Austrico-Mongolo-Negroids) and the outsiders, the Aryans, were by no means cordial. The Aryans, out of deep-rooted contempt for the indigenous people of India, used to call them sometimes asuras, sometimes dánavas, sometimes dásas, sometimes shúdras. The Aryans did not accept these people in their society; rather, they declared them to be outcastes. But these ancient people of India, of Austrico-Mongolo-Negroid blood, had their own civilization and culture. They were also developed people: they had their science of Tantra, and their medicine. There was a prolonged conflict between these people and the Aryans.>>

In such a dire situation Providence played a decisive role with the advent of the great personality of Shiva.  << Born into a Mongolo-Aryan family, this great man had a high nose and fair complexion. He was a great Tantric – a great yogi. The name of this Mahápuruśa (great person) of the non-Aryan society was Shiva…As the result of His Tantra sádhaná He attained extraordinary powers, which He employed for the good of humanity. It was He who systematized the science of Tantra and thus He was the guru or the father of Tantrics and yogis. To this Self-realized Mahápuruśa there was no distinction of high and low. People of all classes, from the highest to the lowest, were dear to Him.

Irrespective of class – Aryan, non-Aryan, Dravidian, Austric or Mongolian – all flocked to Him. He showered His grace on them all equally. As the battles raged between the “gods” on the one hand and the “demons” and “monsters” on the other (needless to say, “gods” meant the handsome Aryan leaders, and “demons” meant the non-Aryans in general), the non-Aryan “demons” and “monsters” became more and more powerful through the blessings of this Shiva. All the rákśasas and asuras were Shiva’s obedient devotees and followers. With the help and blessings of Shiva they destroyed the might and power of the “gods”. According to Sanskrit stories, when the gods would seek the help of Brahmá and Viśńu, even those two would not dare to oppose Shiva; rather they would save the gods through a compromise with Him.>>

Shiva was a blessing for the locals. Only with his help they could stand up to the Aryan’s might, assert themselves. It was a long drawn out struggle but Shiva introduce so many benefits that eventually even the Aryans accepted Shiva’s supremacy and surrendered to the peace that he brought with him. With the magnitude of his contributions Shiva became the father of human civilization we live in today. <<Considering His unique role in building human culture and civilization, this culture and civilization cannot stand without Him.>>

Text in brackets <<>> are by Shrii PR Sarkar


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Saḿskrta and the Tantric Civilization



While the Aryans advanced their Vedic Saḿskrta language and culture along their way from Europe to Central Asia and eventually entered India around 10, 000 years ago there existed in greater India the original Saḿskrta as the common language of the indigenous people and the local Tantric civilization.  India consisted of small or big tribes of Austric, Dravidian, which is a blend of Austric and Negroid and Mongolian origins. These tribes had their own languages and cultural traits.

The ancient name of India was called Jambudviipa that extended from Central Asia to the frontiers of Burma or Suvarnadviipa. The particular portion of Jambudviipa which was fit for human habitation, with an abundance of food and water, was called Bhárata Varśa.

<<Bhárata – “Bharata sambandhiiya ityarthe Bhárata” – The root verb bhara means “to feed”, ta means “that which helps in all-round expansion”, bhara plus ta [plus ań], bhárata, means –“the land which has abundant food to feed its population and where there is enormous scope for psycho-spiritual expansion is called Bhárata. >>

In the heart of Bhárata Varśa was the cradle of the Rarh civilization on a piece of old Gondwanaland. On this stretch of land from the Vindhya Mountains to the Bay of Bengal we find the oldest living civilization that still exists today. The land of Rarh has been above water for 300 million years. Here in conducive environment evolved first living forms which continued to advance to the various species of creatures, including dinosaurs and then onward to apes and early Australopithecus, Homo erectus, Homo sapiens and the humans of today.

Saḿskrta developed in the ancient land of Rarh where even today we can find pure Saḿskrta words among the village people. Rarh is a portion of Bengal and the Bengali language of today is 92% Saḿskrta.

<<The civilization and culture of Ráŕh is one of the oldest of the entire world. >>  <<The land of Rarh is the land where Sanskrit originated.>>

<<Saḿskrta it is the origin of most of the Indian languages today. There was a time when human feelings and sentiments were exchanged and official activities were conducted in Saḿskrta, from the Himalayas to Cape Comorin.>>

In Rarh due the supportive nature and abundance of food, the people developed a contemplative nature and sentimental bonds with each other and with their surroundings. The name Rarh came from the Austric word for the red fertile soil. Their cultural expressions in their mystic singing, dancing, liberal social norms and their love for nature developed and contributed to their subtle mentality that lead to the origins of Tantra which literally means ‘to liberate from the crude’. Around 7000 years ago the great personality Lord Shiva, born in the foothills of the Himalayas, systematized Tantra. <<Rarh was the place where the teachings of Shiva took roots and mingled into every fabric of life.>>

<<Tantra means “the scientific cult which provides ample scope for all-round expansion in human life and thus paves the way for the attainment of salvation”.>>

Text in brackets <<>> are from Shrii PR Sarkar

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8000 BC Monotheism of the Indo-Aryans


There are the three Vedas, The Rgveda, 8rrYajurveda, Atharvaveda and Sámaveda which is a compilation of songs from the three vedas.

The oldest portion of the Vedas, that is, the Rgveda, was composed between 15, 000 and 10,000 years ago outside India in the Caucasus and can be regarded as an ancient relic of the non-Indian Aryan civilization.

<<These nomadic Aryans, on coming in contact with the different groups of people of Iran, Afghanistan and northwest India, took up farming and developed the techniques of strategic warfare. The impact of this new thought bred in them, to some extent, a refined intelligence.>>

The Yajurveda was composed between 10,000 and 7000 years ago by a this branch of the Vedic Aryans whom we can all the Indo-Aryans <<The Yajurveda was composed in Iran (Áryańya Vraja), Afghanistan (Gándhár), northwest India and certain parts of what is modern Russia (Shákadviipa), so it cannot be called entirely non-Indian, particularly since the then Afghanistan and certain parts of Russia were regarded as part of India at that time.>>

<<The Yajurveda was chiefly concerned with rituals and secondly with a blend of rituals and knowledge. The word yajuh means “that in which rites are predominant.” >> At the same time <<the Yajurvedic era saw the all-round development of these people, and the resultant development was the Brahmaváda – the doctrine of monotheism. During this era not only was there a noticeable intellectual development among the general mass of the Aryans; among the munis [intellectuals or seers] and the rśis, philosophy and spirituality also attained a brilliant height of expression. The Brahmaváda of the Yajurveda was a lot deeper and clearer than that of the Rgveda.>>

<<The Atharvaveda was composed between 7000 and 5000 years ago << in Afghanistan and India. It was named after the great sage, Atharva, the first author of this Veda. He was most likely from Central Asia, but this is not to say that one can say for certain that he was not an original inhabitant of India. Still, there is no doubt that the propounders of the later portions of the Atharvaveda were inhabitants of India, especially Maharśi Vaedarbhi because Vidarbha was the name of a settlement in the central-western portion of India.>>

<< During the composition of this Veda the Aryans came in close contact with the non-Aryans, resulting in an exchange of thought between the two. The Tantra of the non-Aryans had a marked influence on the Atharvaveda. Being non-Aryan, the Atharvaveda cannot be regarded as a representation of Aryan civilization. In the subtle philosophy of the Atharvaveda, particularly of the Nrsiḿha Tápańiiya Shruti, there is a far greater influence of the non-Aryan Tantra than of the Aryan Veda.>>

<<The Sámaveda is not a Veda at all. The word sáma means “song”. The Sámaveda was made later on from the music portions of the three Vedas, that is, the Sámaveda is found within the Rgveda, Yajurveda and Atharvaveda.  When they used to sing in the name of (the deities) Úśa, Indra, Parjanya, Mátarishvá, Varuńa, that singing was called sáma. >>

Text in brackets <<>> by Shrii PR Sarkaar


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